The Hermaphrodite vs The Performer
“The resolution of meeting the shadow results in the hermaphrodite which symbolizes the conjunction of the male and female. The black of the shadow is still manifest but in a new light as the impressive clothing. This symbolizes the value of the transformed shadow. In its left hand the hermaphrodite holds an egg, which according to alchemical tradition contains the Four Elements and is a symbol of totality. The center of the yolk is a Fifth Element, the embryo, out of which the chick grows. The symbolism of the mirror held in its right hand suggests a stage of development in which both the inner and the outer can be imagined as coming together, the microcosm reflects the macrocosm.”
In my drawing the hermaphrodite is the fox, who is a little trickster and represents adaptability (also the combination of the opposites of a dog and cat). He is dressed in black, red and gold, the same colors as in the Splendor Solis. He plays a banjo which has 4 strings much like the egg and the Four Elements, and the music then would be the Fifth Element.
The fence and thistles have been replaced with irises which symbolizes the coming together of the inner and outer world. The goddess Iris was associated with the rainbow and carried messages from the heavens to the earth.
The crow and owl are meant to provide a conscience to the fox, the crow being the fatherly conscience and the owl the motherly conscience necessary for mature love Eric Fromm talks about in the Art of Loving (the fox, with his red fur, is also meant to represent the heart or unifying power of love). The donkey may represents the mistakes one might have made and learning that resulted from the acceptance of the shadow.
In the Tarot the card that would symbolize this stage is Justice, which reconciles the opposites through the rationality of the sword and the intuitive balance of the scale, this under the veil of compassion.
“Although a new synthesis has appeared, we must note that the union is really awkward and artificial. The result therefore is an idealistic model of union, nevertheless it is a provisional attempt to unite what seems irreconcilable. In fact the picture suggests that at this stage a person may feel both ecstatic and humbled by the realization that one s truly a part of nature, something that transcends an individual identity and lifetime. There is finally the feeling that some kind of resolution of the original problem is possible, that there is some possibility of unification. According to this view, the hermaphrodite symbolizes the prospective Self in which opposites may come together.”
“We then might ask whether the hermaphrodite represents a prospect of the Self of whether it represents the conscious ego’s acceptance of the problem of the opposites and the possibility of an attitude that is neither one-sided nor conventional. To Marie-Louise Von Franz the image of the hermaphrodite illustrated the in-between, or stuck nature of a complex. This is the negative, regressive aspect of the hermaphrodite, which were represented in medieval alchemy as associated with the devil rather than the divine.”
In the Red Book Jung describes his meeting with the Red One, which he calls at some point the Devil, but also recognizes his sense of humor which balances Jung’s own serious attitude. That seems very much fitting for my fox, who is a bit of a joker (like Reynard the Fox) and with his red fur actually is a “red one”.
“It is tempting at this juncture to think this is the end of the process, nevertheless this is not the end. Should it end there the patient will likely be left with an inflated sense of the power of insight. The patient may then continue to act out the unsolved problem because he is unable to really live the life that had been intimated by the insight. The statement of wholeness can only be made by life itself and must wait for events in real life to realize its meaning.”
I have yet to remake the Innocent Offender and Performer in a full color version, and perhaps new insights will occur then. In the meantime comparing them with the images of the Splendor Solis and Tarot has been quite helpful to question and see things in a new light.
Note: the quotes in italic are from the book by J.L. Henderson and D.N. Sherwood, Transformation of the Psyche: The Symbolic Alchemy of the Splendor Solis