The Angel and the Dark Man vs The Innocent Offender
“The queen offers a robe edged with gold to the naked man, who is standing up to his knee in black mud. A transparent red helmet covers his head, all for the profile. The red helmet may refer to the man having captured the sublimated vapors (or spirit) from the blackness below. The nigredo has yielded up the rubedo, one of the many names for the goal of the process."
"Psychologically, the appearance of the Dark Man represents an encounter with the dark side of human life. The alchemical colors are represented on his body signifying an embodied transformation, not just a change in mental attitude. At this stage the conscious personality with its red and white symbolism now confronts the shadow, which naturally arises following the death of the old king, or the old way of functioning (which may have been necessary at a particular point and in a particular context)."
"The task of acknowledging shadow is unbearably painful and usually surrounded by shame. It cannot be accomplished by the ego alone, it requires help from a ‘guardian spirit’ in the form of a living symbol that comes from the generative depths of the unconscious."
"In this plate the Feminine Principle is fully manifest as a saving grace, a queen who is also an angel, i.e. transcendent. In Jungian terms she represents the Feminine Self for women or the anima for men. She has the power to rescue the alchemical/analytic process from the folly of mere insight by recasting it as a relational process rather than one of mastery.”
In the Innocent Offender the goat represents the personality who transgresses into the unconscious and meets the shadow. And it is "caught between hammer and anvil, both the accuser and the accused, becoming aware of a polarity superordinate to itself.” (C.G. Jung, Memories, Dreams, Reflections) The goat is both guilty and innocent. Guilty of having escaped the farm and innocent in her meeting with the wolf.
The white of the goat with the pink moon halo are analogous to the red and white colors of the conscious personality emerging from the swamp. The pink moon refers to Nick Drake’s song Pink Moon (I saw it written and I saw it say, Pink Moon is on its way, And none of you stand so tall, Pink Moon’s gonna get you all) and could symbolize the red helmet/spirit that came from meeting the shadow. The tree is shaped like a hand with pointed index finger, the hand of justice pointed at the ego and symbol of the shame surrounding the meeting of the shadow.
The thistle, with its prickliness, is seen in popular belief as a gift of the Devil. Mythically, it did not grow in the Garden of Eden but appeared as a curse after the Fall (The Book of Symbols, Taschen, p. 166).
The Fall from Eden perhaps then happens when we fail to recognize the opposites and thus create a shadow.
In the Tarot the card that would most closely express the conflict of meeting the shadow and confronting the opposites would be The Tower, where the tower represents the Devil’s kingdom and the Devil losing its crown.
A possible source of inspiration for the imagery may be “the Harrowing of Hell, in which Jesus forces open the fiery tower gate of Hell to free the virtuous dead from Limbo.” The limbo would be the state the goat (or ego) is in, and the tree would be the tower (some decks also have the card showing a tree instead of a tower and called Lightning). Jesus then is analogous to the angel in the Splendor Solis and the Pink Moon halo in my drawing, the transcendent or Feminine Principle who rescues the alchemical process by providing a garment that can cloth both conscious personality and shadow with the help of feminine compassion and self-acceptance.
Note: the quotes in italic are from the book by J.L. Henderson and D.N. Sherwood, Transformation of the Psyche: The Symbolic Alchemy of the Splendor Solis